Monitoring

Gather Metrics from Fluent Bit pipeline

Fluent Bit comes with a built-in HTTP Server that can be used to query internal information and monitor metrics of each running plugin.

The monitoring interface can be easily integrated with Prometheus since we support it native format.

Getting Started

To get started, the first step is to enable the HTTP Server from the configuration file:

[SERVICE]
HTTP_Server On
HTTP_Listen 0.0.0.0
HTTP_PORT 2020
[INPUT]
Name cpu
[OUTPUT]
Name stdout
Match *

the above configuration snippet will instruct Fluent Bit to start it HTTP Server on TCP Port 2020 and listening on all network interfaces:

$ bin/fluent-bit -c fluent-bit.conf
Fluent Bit v1.4.0
* Copyright (C) 2019-2020 The Fluent Bit Authors
* Copyright (C) 2015-2018 Treasure Data
* Fluent Bit is a CNCF sub-project under the umbrella of Fluentd
* https://fluentbit.io
[2020/03/10 19:08:24] [ info] [engine] started
[2020/03/10 19:08:24] [ info] [http_server] listen iface=0.0.0.0 tcp_port=2020

now with a simple curl command is enough to gather some information:

$ curl -s http://127.0.0.1:2020 | jq
{
"fluent-bit": {
"version": "0.13.0",
"edition": "Community",
"flags": [
"FLB_HAVE_TLS",
"FLB_HAVE_METRICS",
"FLB_HAVE_SQLDB",
"FLB_HAVE_TRACE",
"FLB_HAVE_HTTP_SERVER",
"FLB_HAVE_FLUSH_LIBCO",
"FLB_HAVE_SYSTEMD",
"FLB_HAVE_VALGRIND",
"FLB_HAVE_FORK",
"FLB_HAVE_PROXY_GO",
"FLB_HAVE_REGEX",
"FLB_HAVE_C_TLS",
"FLB_HAVE_SETJMP",
"FLB_HAVE_ACCEPT4",
"FLB_HAVE_INOTIFY"
]
}
}

Note that we are sending the curl command output to the jq program which helps to make the JSON data easy to read from the terminal. Fluent Bit don't aim to do JSON pretty-printing.

REST API Interface

Fluent Bit aims to expose useful interfaces for monitoring, as of Fluent Bit v0.14 the following end points are available:

URI

Description

Data Format

/

Fluent Bit build information

JSON

/api/v1/uptime

Get uptime information in seconds and human readable format

JSON

/api/v1/metrics

Internal metrics per loaded plugin

JSON

/api/v1/metrics/prometheus

Internal metrics per loaded plugin ready to be consumed by a Prometheus Server

Prometheus Text 0.0.4

/api/v1/storage

Get internal metrics of the storage layer / buffered data. This option is enabled only if in the SERVICE section the property storage.metrics has been enabled

JSON

Uptime Example

Query the service uptime with the following command:

$ curl -s http://127.0.0.1:2020/api/v1/uptime | jq

it should print a similar output like this:

{
"uptime_sec": 8950000,
"uptime_hr": "Fluent Bit has been running: 103 days, 14 hours, 6 minutes and 40 seconds"
}

Metrics Examples

Query internal metrics in JSON format with the following command:

$ curl -s http://127.0.0.1:2020/api/v1/metrics | jq

it should print a similar output like this:

{
"input": {
"cpu.0": {
"records": 8,
"bytes": 2536
}
},
"output": {
"stdout.0": {
"proc_records": 5,
"proc_bytes": 1585,
"errors": 0,
"retries": 0,
"retries_failed": 0
}
}
}

Metrics in Prometheus format

Query internal metrics in Prometheus Text 0.0.4 format:

$ curl -s http://127.0.0.1:2020/api/v1/metrics/prometheus

this time the same metrics will be in Prometheus format instead of JSON:

fluentbit_input_records_total{name="cpu.0"} 57 1509150350542
fluentbit_input_bytes_total{name="cpu.0"} 18069 1509150350542
fluentbit_output_proc_records_total{name="stdout.0"} 54 1509150350542
fluentbit_output_proc_bytes_total{name="stdout.0"} 17118 1509150350542
fluentbit_output_errors_total{name="stdout.0"} 0 1509150350542
fluentbit_output_retries_total{name="stdout.0"} 0 1509150350542
fluentbit_output_retries_failed_total{name="stdout.0"} 0 1509150350542

Configuring Aliases

By default configured plugins on runtime get an internal name in the format plugin_name.ID. For monitoring purposes this can be confusing if many plugins of the same type were configured. To make a distinction each configured input or output section can get an alias that will be used as the parent name for the metric.

The following example set an alias to the INPUT section which is using the CPU input plugin:

[SERVICE]
HTTP_Server On
HTTP_Listen 0.0.0.0
HTTP_PORT 2020
[INPUT]
Name cpu
Alias server1_cpu
[OUTPUT]
Name stdout
Alias raw_output
Match *

Now when querying the metrics we get the aliases in place instead of the plugin name:

{
"input": {
"server1_cpu": {
"records": 8,
"bytes": 2536
}
},
"output": {
"raw_output": {
"proc_records": 5,
"proc_bytes": 1585,
"errors": 0,
"retries": 0,
"retries_failed": 0
}
}
}

Dashboard and Alerts

Fluent Bit's exposed prometheus style metrics can be leveraged to create dashboards and alerts.

Grafana Dashboard

The provided example dashboard is heavily inspired by Banzai Cloud's logging operator dashboard but with a few key differences such as the use of the instance label (see why here), stacked graphs and a focus on Fluent Bit metrics.

dashboard

Alerts

Sample alerts are available here.