Google Cloud BigQuery

BigQuery output plugin is an experimental plugin that allows you to stream records into Google Cloud BigQuery service. The implementation does not support the following, which would be expected in a full production version:

Google Cloud Configuration

Fluent Bit streams data into an existing BigQuery table using a service account that you specify. Therefore, before using the BigQuery output plugin, you must create a service account, create a BigQuery dataset and table, authorize the service account to write to the table, and provide the service account credentials to Fluent Bit.

Creating a Service Account

To stream data into BigQuery, the first step is to create a Google Cloud service account for Fluent Bit:

Creating a BigQuery Dataset and Table

Fluent Bit does not create datasets or tables for your data, so you must create these ahead of time. You must also grant the service account WRITER permission on the dataset:

Within the dataset you will need to create a table for the data to reside in. You can follow the following instructions for creating your table. Pay close attention to the schema. It must match the schema of your output JSON. Unfortunately, since BigQuery does not allow dots in field names, you will need to use a filter to change the fields for many of the standard inputs (e.g, mem or cpu).

Retrieving Service Account Credentials

Fluent Bit BigQuery output plugin uses a JSON credentials file for authentication credentials. Download the credentials file by following these instructions:

Workload Identity Federation

Using identity federation, you can grant on-premises or multi-cloud workloads access to Google Cloud resources, without using a service account key. It can be used as a more secure alternative to service account credentials. Google Cloud's workload identity federation supports several identity providers (see documentation) but Fluent Bit BigQuery plugin currently supports Amazon Web Services (AWS) only.

You must configure workload identity federation in GCP before using it with Fluent Bit.

Configurations Parameters



Absolute path to a Google Cloud credentials JSON file.

Value of the environment variable $GOOGLE_SERVICE_CREDENTIALS


The project id containing the BigQuery dataset to stream into.

The value of the project_id in the credentials file


The dataset id of the BigQuery dataset to write into. This dataset must exist in your project.


The table id of the BigQuery table to write into. This table must exist in the specified dataset and the schema must match the output.


Insert all valid rows of a request, even if invalid rows exist. The default value is false, which causes the entire request to fail if any invalid rows exist.



Accept rows that contain values that do not match the schema. The unknown values are ignored. Default is false, which treats unknown values as errors.



Enables workload identity federation as an alternative authentication method. Cannot be used with service account credentials file or environment variable. AWS is the only identity provider currently supported.



Used to construct a regional endpoint for AWS STS to verify AWS credentials obtained by Fluent Bit. Regional endpoints are recommended by AWS.


GCP project number where the identity provider was created. Used to construct the full resource name of the identity provider.


GCP workload identity pool where the identity provider was created. Used to construct the full resource name of the identity provider.


GCP workload identity provider. Used to construct the full resource name of the identity provider. Currently only AWS accounts are supported.


Email address of the Google service account to impersonate. The workload identity provider must have permissions to impersonate this service account, and the service account must have permissions to access Google BigQuery resources (e.g. write access to tables)

See Google's official documentation for further details.

Configuration File

If you are using a Google Cloud Credentials File, the following configuration is enough to get you started:

    Name  dummy
    Tag   dummy

    Name       bigquery
    Match      *
    dataset_id my_dataset
    table_id   dummy_table

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