Convert Unstructured to Structured messages

Dealing with raw strings or unstructured messages is a constant pain; having a structure is highly desired. Ideally we want to set a structure to the incoming data by the Input Plugins as soon as they are collected:

graph LR
    accTitle: Fluent Bit data pipeline
    accDescr: The Fluent Bit data pipeline includes input, a parser, a filter, a buffer, routing, and various outputs.
    A[Input] --> B[Parser]
    B --> C[Filter]
    C --> D[Buffer]
    D --> E((Routing))
    E --> F[Output 1]
    E --> G[Output 2]
    E --> H[Output 3]
    style B stroke:darkred,stroke-width:2px;

The Parser allows you to convert from unstructured to structured data. As a demonstrative example consider the following Apache (HTTP Server) log entry: - - [28/Jul/2006:10:27:10 -0300] "GET /cgi-bin/try/ HTTP/1.0" 200 3395

The above log line is a raw string without format, ideally we would like to give it a structure that can be processed later easily. If the proper configuration is used, the log entry could be converted to:

  "host":    "",
  "user":    "-",
  "method":  "GET",
  "path":    "/cgi-bin/try/",
  "code":    "200",
  "size":    "3395",
  "referer": "",
  "agent":   ""

Parsers are fully configurable and are independently and optionally handled by each input plugin, for more details please refer to the Parsers section.

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