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AWS Metadata

The AWS Filter Enriches logs with AWS Metadata. Currently the plugin adds the EC2 instance ID and availability zone to log records. To use this plugin, you must be running in EC2 and have the instance metadata service enabled.

Configuration Parameters

The plugin supports the following configuration parameters:
Key
Description
Default
imds_version
Specify which version of the instance metadata service to use. Valid values are 'v1' or 'v2'.
v2
az
The availability zone; for example, "us-east-1a".
true
ec2_instance_id
The EC2 instance ID.
true
ec2_instance_type
The EC2 instance type.
false
private_ip
The EC2 instance private ip.
false
ami_id
The EC2 instance image id.
false
account_id
The account ID for current EC2 instance.
false
hostname
The hostname for current EC2 instance.
false
vpc_id
The VPC ID for current EC2 instance.
false
tags_enabled
Specifies if should attach EC2 instance tags. EC2 instance must have the instance-metadata-tags option enabled (which is disabled by default).
false
tags_include
Defines list of specific EC2 tag keys to inject into the logs. Tag keys must be separated by "," character. Tags which are not present in this list will be ignored. Example: Name,tag1,tag2.
tags_exclude
Defines list of specific EC2 tag keys not to inject into the logs. Tag keys must be separated by "," character. Tags which are not present in this list will be injected into the logs. If both tags_include and tags_exclude are specified, configuration is invalid and plugin fails. Example: Name,tag1,tag2
Note: If you run Fluent Bit in a container, you may have to use instance metadata v1. The plugin behaves the same regardless of which version is used.

Command Line

$ bin/fluent-bit -c /PATH_TO_CONF_FILE/fluent-bit.conf
[2020/01/17 07:57:17] [ info] [engine] started (pid=32744)
[0] dummy: [1579247838.000171227, {"message"=>"dummy", "az"=>"us-west-2c", "ec2_instance_id"=>"i-0c862eca9038f5aae", "ec2_instance_type"=>"t2.medium", "private_ip"=>"172.31.6.59", "vpc_id"=>"vpc-7ea11c06", "ami_id"=>"ami-0841edc20334f9287", "account_id"=>"YOUR_ACCOUNT_ID", "hostname"=>"ip-172-31-6-59.us-west-2.compute.internal"}]
[0] dummy: [1601274509.970235760, {"message"=>"dummy", "az"=>"us-west-2c", "ec2_instance_id"=>"i-0c862eca9038f5aae", "ec2_instance_type"=>"t2.medium", "private_ip"=>"172.31.6.59", "vpc_id"=>"vpc-7ea11c06", "ami_id"=>"ami-0841edc20334f9287", "account_id"=>"YOUR_ACCOUNT_ID", "hostname"=>"ip-172-31-6-59.us-west-2.compute.internal"}]

Configuration File

[INPUT]
Name dummy
Tag dummy
[FILTER]
Name aws
Match *
imds_version v1
az true
ec2_instance_id true
ec2_instance_type true
private_ip true
ami_id true
account_id true
hostname true
vpc_id true
tags_enabled true
[OUTPUT]
Name stdout
Match *

EC2 Tags

EC2 Tags are a useful feature that enables you to label and organize your EC2 instances by creating custom-defined key-value pairs. These tags are commonly utilized for resource management, cost allocation, and automation. Consequently, including them in the Fluent Bit generated logs is almost essential.
To achieve this, AWS Filter can be configured with tags_enabled true to enable the tagging of logs with the relevant EC2 instance tags. This setup ensures that logs are appropriately tagged, making it easier to manage and analyze them based on specific criteria.

Requirements

To use the tags_enabled true functionality in Fluent Bit, the instance-metadata-tags option must be enabled on the EC2 instance where Fluent Bit is running. Without this option enabled, Fluent Bit will not be able to retrieve the tags associated with the EC2 instance. However, this does not mean that Fluent Bit will fail or stop working altogether. Instead, if instance-metadata-tags option is not enabled, Fluent Bit will continue to operate normally and capture other values, such as the EC2 instance ID or availability zone, based on its configuration.

Example

tags_include

Assume that our EC2 instance has many tags, some of which have lengthy values that are irrelevant to the logs we want to collect. Only two tags, department and project, seem to be valuable for our purpose. Here is a configuration which reflects this requirement:
[FILTER]
Name aws
Match *
tags_enabled true
tags_include department,project
If we run Fluent Bit, what will the logs look like? Here is an example of what the logs might contain:
{"log"=>"fluentbit is awesome", "az"=>"us-east-1a", "ec2_instance_id"=>"i-0e66fc7f9809d7168", "department"=>"it", "project"=>"fluentbit"}

tags_exclude

Suppose our EC2 instance has three tags: Name:fluent-bit-docs-example, project:fluentbit, and department:it. In this example, we want to exclude the department tag since we consider it redundant. This is because all of our projects belong to the it department, and we do not need to waste storage space on redundant labels.
Here is an example configuration that achieves this:
[FILTER]
Name aws
Match *
tags_enabled true
tags_exclude department
The resulting logs might look like this:
{"log"=>"aws is awesome", "az"=>"us-east-1a", "ec2_instance_id"=>"i-0e66fc7f9809d7168", "Name"=>"fluent-bit-docs-example", "project"=>"fluentbit"}
Last modified 4mo ago