Record Accessor

A full feature set to access content of your records

Fluent Bit works internally with structured records and it can be composed of an unlimited number of keys and values. Values can be anything like a number, string, array, or a map.

Having a way to select a specific part of the record is critical for certain core functionalities or plugins, this feature is called Record Accessor.

consider Record Accessor a simple grammar to specify record content and other miscellaneus values.

Format

A record accessor rule starts with the character $. Using the structured content above as an example the following table describes how to access a record:

{
"log": "some message",
"stream": "stdout",
"labels": {
"color": "blue",
"unset": null,
"project": {
"env": "production"
}
}
}

The following table describe some accessing rules and the expected returned value:

Format

Accessed Value

$log

"some message"

$labels['color']

"blue"

$labels['project']['env']

"production"

$labels['unset']

null

$labels['undefined']

If the accessor key does not exist in the record like the last example $labels['undefined'] , the operation is simply omitted, no exception will occur.

Usage Example

The feature is enabled on a per plugin basis, not all plugins enable this feature. As an example consider a configuration that aims to filter records using grep that only matches where labels have a color blue:

[SERVICE]
flush 1
log_level info
parsers_file parsers.conf
[INPUT]
name tail
path test.log
parser json
[FILTER]
name grep
match *
regex $labels['color'] ^blue$
[OUTPUT]
name stdout
match *
format json_lines

The file content to process in test.log is the following:

{"log": "message 1", "labels": {"color": "blue"}}
{"log": "message 2", "labels": {"color": "red"}}
{"log": "message 3", "labels": {"color": "green"}}
{"log": "message 4", "labels": {"color": "blue"}}

Running Fluent Bit with the configuration above the output will be:

$ bin/fluent-bit -c fluent-bit.conf
Fluent Bit v1.x.x
* Copyright (C) 2019-2020 The Fluent Bit Authors
* Copyright (C) 2015-2018 Treasure Data
* Fluent Bit is a CNCF sub-project under the umbrella of Fluentd
* https://fluentbit.io
[2020/09/11 16:11:07] [ info] [engine] started (pid=1094177)
[2020/09/11 16:11:07] [ info] [storage] version=1.0.5, initializing...
[2020/09/11 16:11:07] [ info] [storage] in-memory
[2020/09/11 16:11:07] [ info] [storage] normal synchronization mode, checksum disabled, max_chunks_up=128
[2020/09/11 16:11:07] [ info] [sp] stream processor started
[2020/09/11 16:11:07] [ info] inotify_fs_add(): inode=55716713 watch_fd=1 name=test.log
{"date":1599862267.483684,"log":"message 1","labels":{"color":"blue"}}
{"date":1599862267.483692,"log":"message 4","labels":{"color":"blue"}}